What Biotechnology is

7 10 2007

Biotechnology is  the technology that uses the properties of living organism to create products or services. As we read from the  United Nations Convention on Biological Diversity, it is defined as “the exploitation of biological organisms or biological processes through modern techniques, which could be profitably used in medicine, agriculture, animal husbandry and environmental cloning”.

Biotechnology as introduces in science a kind of olystic view on the living organisms since it work on a molecular scale, where differences between these living organisms don’t exist any more.

It means that at that kind of scale, we have much more similarities to a frog, a sheep or whatever other creature than we have never guessed: what makes us different are only the number and the kind of proteins we hold in our DNA.

Biotechnology creates a kind of industry whose raw material is every molecules available in living organisms . And since it constitutes an industry, it is conceived to mass produce its outcomes. That’s the main point of Bioengineering, to introduce lab practises into large scale productions.

The human manipulation over living organism has been practised since the Egyptian age, so another definition of biotechnology could be the following one which stresses its former diffuse use: ” Biotechnology is the application of indigenous and/or scientific knowledge to the management of (parts of) microorganisms, or of cells and tissues of higher organisms, so that these supply goods and services of use to human beings.” (Bunders, J.; Haverkort, W.; Hiemstra, W. “Biotechnology: Building on Farmer’s Knowledge.” 1996, Macmillan Education, Ltd.)

The main fields of biotechnology are the following one:

# Red biotechnology_about medical processes and genes manipulation;

# White biotechnology_about industrial processes, such as introducing enzymes to produces chemicals;

# Green biotechnology_about agricultural processes, such as transgenic plants;

# Bioinformatics_about the analysis and  the organization of biologic data by informatics.




Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s

%d bloggers like this: